Monday, May 25, 2020
As photography captures moments, memories and references; psychologists have become interested in the role of photography on psyche and behaviour. Henkels interest leads to a study exploring influences of photography on memories of a museum tour, testing effects of viewing conditions on memory measures. Henkels (2013) study is designed to determine if photographing objects effects recall of object features and location. Participants were given a guided tour of a museum, and either observed or photographed objects. If photographs were zoomed, more details about the object and location were recalled compared to observation and photography; while photographing the object as a whole produced lower recall of detail and location than observation. The results suggest a photo-taking-impairment effect, and key difference between peoples and camera memory. The additional cognitive and attentional activity produced by focussing may null this effect. Reference to the role in episodic memory retr ieval photography plays is evident, while acknowledging dearth of research. Henkel (2013) acknowledges studies used passive camera event logging, with review increasing retention and cognition in neurologically impaired and healthy individuals (Berry et al., 2007; Loveday Conway, 2011). The author demonstrates studies of deliberate photography focus on organisational structure of time and events relative to autobiographical retention (Burt, Kemp, Conway, 2003, 2008; Kemp, Burt, Show MoreRelatedArt Is An Essential Part Of Life1338 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe one she wishes to have the most. This beautiful painting makes me feel happy and sad simultaneously. It makes me happy because she chooses to have a family over else and sad because she appears to be alone and desperate for hope. Art plays a huge role in my life because it makes me think about important issues, things happening around me and does not leave me indifferent. I enjoy reading because books teach us many valuable lesso ns and make us more educated. Classical literature builds characterRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie Kabuki 3062 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pagesprovides both context and focus, and often represents the Ã¢â¬Å"fourth wallÃ¢â¬ imagined by the actors. 9. Butoh - Butoh is a form of Japanese dance performance that came out of the aftermath of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Butoh is an expression of the inner psyche of the Japanese people as a collective; this is accomplished by using actors who are physically unclassifiable (they are all usually nude, and covered in white body paint.) 10. Will Eno - Will Eno is an American playwright, and is known in this classRead MoreLÃ¢â¬â¢origine Du Monde. Courbet, 18662301 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesuncomfortable, what may explain the chaotic history of this piece of art. We may therefore wonder what CourbetÃ¢â¬â¢s intents were by choosing to bring such a provocative picture to the fore. In which debate did he want his work to take part? What is the current role of LÃ¢â¬â¢Origine du monde in the gender show? LÃ¢â¬â¢Origine du monde : a time bombÃ¢â¬ ¦ The painting genesis How did Courbet come to this piece of art? This has been the big questioning since Courbet has painted it in secret in the 1860s. Several previousRead More Sex in Othello and Hamlet Essay4016 Words Ã |Ã 17 Pageswomen and into his brutal behavior toward Ophelia (Showalter 222). As men begin to see feminine aspects within themselves they will go to great lengths to not only deny, but also control these undesirable changes. Shakespeares two plays are a direct commentary of the male insecurity that exists within relationships. Shakespeares message concerning the male preoccupation with masculinity and their resulting fear of feminine sexuality has been portrayed in film, photography, and drawings. The wayRead MoreHistory of the Development of the Short Story.3660 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pagesstyle. When Life magazine published Ernest Hemingways long short story (or novella) The Old Man and the Sea in 1952, the issue containing this story sold 5,300,000 copies in only two days. Cultural and social identity played a considerable role in much of the short fiction of the 1960s. Phillip Roth and Grace Paley cultivated distinctive Jewish-American voices. Tillie OlsenÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"I Stand Here IroningÃ¢â¬ adopted a consciously feminists perspective. James BaldwinÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Going to Meet the ManÃ¢â¬ told storiesRead MoreExploring the Implications, the Outcry and the Outcome of Marriage in Bharati MukherjeeÃ¢â¬â¢s Miss New India3329 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesMukherjeeÃ¢â¬â¢s novels range widely across time and space dealing especially with the consequences emerging out of cultural confrontation of the East with West in the alien land. All her novels are female centered and deals with the changed psyche of the protagonistÃ¢â¬â¢s behaviors. But her latest novel Miss New India (2011) takes a U-turn in dealing with the protagonist, Anjali Bose, in her own country i.e. India bringing the western cultural confrontational effects of highly sophisti cated life style in ruralRead MoreContemporary Applications of Schools in Psychology8487 Words Ã |Ã 34 PagesÃ¯ » ¿INTRODUCTION Psychology evolved out of both philosophy and biology. Throughout psychologys history, a number of differentÃ schools of thoughtÃ have formed to explain human thought and behavior. These schools of thought often rise to dominance for a period of time. While these schools of thought are sometimes perceived as competing forces, eachÃ perspectiveÃ has contributed to our understanding of psychology. Some of the major schools of thought in psychology are Structuralism, Functionalism, GestaltRead MoreFrom Salvation to Self-Realization18515 Words Ã |Ã 75 Pagesthough it was cast in a secular mold. By the 1920s, among the American bourgeoisie, the newly dominant consumer culture was a muddle of calculated self-control and spontaneous gratification. 3Focusing on the United States, this essay aims to explore the role of national advertising in this complex cultural transformation. Since the subject is too large for comprehensive treatment here, what follows will attempt to be suggestive rather than exhaustive to indicate a new approach to the history of AmericanRead MoreTeaching Notes Robert Grant - Strategy 4th Edition51665 Words Ã |Ã 207 Pagesinternal resources and capabilities in relation to the external environment to achieve competitive advantage. The course is concerned not just with analysis but also with decisions. In our case discussions of individual companies, you wi ll be taking the role of a senior executive or a consultant. You will be required to make decisions concerning key strategy issues and indicate how your decisions will be implemented. 5 INTRODUCTION objectives Ã¢â¬ ¢ To acquire familiarity with the principal conceptsRead MoreMarketing Management130471 Words Ã |Ã 522 Pagesmarketing research report Online marketing E-commerce Trends in marketing Page No. Marketing management Ã¢â¬â an introduction Unit structure: 1. Introduction 2. Learning Objectives 3. Marketing Management 3.1. Evolution of marketing management 3.2. The Role of Marketing 3.3. Marketing concepts 3.4. The Marketing Mix (The 4 P s Of Marketing) 3.5. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and Ethics in Marketing 4. Have you understood type questions 5. Summary 6. Exercises 7. References 1. INTRODUCTION: The
Friday, May 15, 2020
Australian Criminal Justice System The Australian Criminal Justice system has an intricate and diverse structure that makes it one of the most unique systems in the world. The Commonwealth of Australia was approved by the British Parliament in 1900 and came into existence on January 1, 1901. The federal constitution combined British and American practices, with a parliamentary government, but with two houses - the popularly elected House of Representatives and Senate representing the former colonies. This began the start of a new era of policing. (Findlay, Odgers, Yeo). The Commonwealth of Australia is a federalist government composed of a national government and six State governments. There are nine different criminal justice systems in Australia - six states, two territories, and one federal. The eight States and Territories have powers to enact their own criminal law, while the Commonwealth has powers to enact laws. Criminal law is administered principally through the federal, State and Territory police. (Chappell, Wilson, Heaton). In this essay an in depth analysis of the Australian criminal justice system will be given, along with a comparison to the United States criminal justice system throughout the essay. As well as an evaluation of the effectiveness of the system and finally a brief summary of how the Australian criminal justice system structure could be improved to better suit the evolving society. Australia has a complex and very intuitive system of policing thatShow MoreRelatedThe Australian Criminal Justice System Is Shaped Largely by Our Society. Discuss This Statement.1269 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe criminal justice system is the system the Australian public look to for protection and justice against those that disregard the law but there are mixed opinions from the general public that the justice system is too lenient and that the public opinion isnÃ¢â¬â¢t taken into consideration when assessing crime and punishment. In this essay, I will argue that the Australian criminal just ice system is in fact shaped largely by our society because if it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t reflect social conscience, the justice systemRead MoreComparing a Aboriginal and Australian Justice Systems1304 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesInterrelationship : Aboriginal Australian justice system : The recognition of aboriginal customary laws under the Australian Criminal justice system is just confined to acknowledgement of just the traditional physical punishments at the stage of sentencing. It all depends upon the interpretation and readings of individuals who play a role in the Criminal justice system in the capacity of judicial officers, officers of the court, lawyers and police officers etc. (Aboriginal Law criminal justice,Law Reform CommissionRead MoreThe Issues Of The Criminal Justice System1526 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesin the enduring Indigenous criminal law discourse which is framed by issues throughout history, jurisdictions, prisons, courts and the criminal justice system. Whilst todayÃ¢â¬â¢s intergeneration effects of poverty and the loss of autonomy fuel Indigenous disadvantage, the criminal law institution is another contributor which vividly displays disadvantages and barriers which preclude Indigenous Australians from sufficiently accessing justice. However, th e pursuit for justice is more multifaceted than aRead MoreThe Australia Legal System1406 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Australian Legal System Introduction All countries are a reflection of their histories and this is very much the case with governmental structures and the associated legal system. The Australian legal system is based on a fundamental belief in the rule of law, justice and the independence of the judiciary. All peopleÃ¢â¬âAustralians and non-Australians alikeÃ¢â¬âare treated equally before the law and safeguards exist to ensure that people are not treated arbitrarily or unfairly by governments orRead MoreWhy Do We as a Society Need a Criminal Justice System Essay1216 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWhy do we (as a society) need a criminal justice system? Introduction As a society there is need for a criminal justice system, as it is essential to have laws throughout the population. We have these laws so people cannot use money or power to benefit themselves. The laws also establish that each person should understand their and everyone elseÃ¢â¬â¢s rights and obligations within the community. The criminal justice system, is a system of laws and rulings which protect community membersRead MoreThe Barriers Of Indigenous Australian Women Face Within The Criminal Justice System970 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesexperience inequality through the education and criminal justice system, specifically Indigenous women. This is highlighted throughout the report through various statistical data including tables and graphs. Further discussion on the link between these statistics to current unit concepts will be addressed in this report to expose the barriers that Indigenous Australian women face within the criminal justice system. The statistical overview on the education system will focus on the Indigenous populationRead MoreImplementing An Effective Punishment For An Offender1653 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAchieving justice for all and providing appropriate punishment to fit all crimes is a prominent issue within the criminal justice system. In considering an effective punishment for an offender, the law must be mindful of both the moral and legal rights of a number of parties, including the society, the offender, and the victim, in order to achieve true justice for all (Warren 2005) - a process proving controversial and almost impossible in many cases. Whilst aiming to provide a system in which citizensRead MoreThe Influence of Traditional Western Law on the Development of Nsw and the Australian Legal System1677 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesand, ultimately, the development of the Australian legal system? The concepts and institutions of the Western legal tradition, namely common and statute law, the court system and the Bill of Rights, influenced the colony of New South Wales, and ultimately, the development of the Australian legal system to a great extent. Although the concepts and institutions of the Western legal tradition continue to influence New South Wales and the Australian legal system, the extent to which it does influenceRead MoreIndigenous Australians Face Within The Criminal Justice System1598 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Indigenous Experience in Australian Courts It is a commonly known issue in Australia that as a minority group, the people of Indigenous Australian ethnicity have always been treated, or at least perceived, differently to those of non-Indigenous disposition. This can be applied to different contexts such as social, economic, education, or in relation to this essay Ã¢â¬â legal contexts. Generally, Indigenous Australians face issues such as less opportunity for formal education, less access to sufficientRead MoreThe Rate Of Imprisonment Of Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander1744 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesof imprisonment of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians has dramatically increased since 1992. Statistics went from Ã¢â¬Å"1 in 7 prisoners in 1992 to 1 in 4 in 2012 and to almost 1 in 3 in 2014.Ã¢â¬ There have been an abundance of proposals, plans and programs established, some of which have failed and some which are still in development, to try decrease the high numbers. The high incarceration rate of Indig enous people in Australia is considered to be a global issue that must be addressed
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Globalization, both as an ideology and process, has become the dominant political, economical and cultural force in the 21st century. Quote from Globalism: The New Market Ideology by Manfred D.Steger Merriam-Webster defines globalization as Ã¢â¬Å"the act or process of globalizing: the development of an increasingly integrated global economy marked especially by free trade, free flow of capital, and the tapping of cheaper foreign labor market.Ã¢â¬ Before the recent increase in globalization, organizations usually considered their customer base and market to be their country of origin, however with the rapid spread of diversity,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦According to Adamson, et al (2004), managers must display skills of strong business knowledge, must have an awareness and sensitivity to cultural differences and standards, and must show courage, commitment and integrity (p . 54). Anyone can be a Ã¢â¬Ëgood leaderÃ¢â¬â¢ but if you are a leader with a great sense of work ethic, personal and professional integrity and determination for success, then managing a large diverse group of people wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t poise such a challenge. As organizations change, leadership must find ways to adapt and adjust to those changes. Many times itÃ¢â¬â¢s the inability of being open-minded to new ideas, beliefs, thoughts and cultures that prevent individuals from moving forward. Saner (2004) states, Ã¢â¬Å"Increased globalization and integration of information technology have brought about a fundamental rethinking of how to conduct business and how to lead a complex organization for continuous improvement and reinventing of the organizationÃ¢â¬ (p.654). In any organization, change brings resistance, but with positive managerial and leadership skills, accepting the challenges that come with diversity such as ambiguity, complexity, resistance and confusion, will give managers the foresight to effectively and efficiently implement processes that will benefit the organization as a whole. If I was responsibility to lead a multinational organizational, I would first recognizeShow MoreRelatedTransformational Leadership : An Ever Evolving Art1332 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTransformational leadership is something I have experienced as both an employee and manager. So I relate to this style and I recognize the possibilities within. However, this style of leadership is not easy in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s workplace. This is especially true when you try to be positive to employees who display negative attitudes all the time. So this can be challenging for some managers. In this paper, I will talk about transformational leadership as part of the future of management. I will try to elaborateRead MoreLeadership And The Effects Of Globalization1625 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Leadership and the Effects of Globalization Abdullah Aldahhan HSA 5150 There are several changing trends in the world today that will effect leadership and management. These trends revolve on the issue of globalization and the ever-expanding world. In a sense, the world is becoming smaller as it expands because of the advance in technology and the increasing uniformity in business and the inter-connecting economies of the world. Terry Hogan (2013) mentions that in the very shortRead MoreManagement Of The Globalization Of Business1102 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesManagement in the Globalization of Business By Daryle Brown Over the past few decades, the information age has had a major impact on business Ã¢â¬â one of the biggest being globalization. This has, out of necessity, changed how business is managed Ã¢â¬â and introduced new and fascinating facets and concerns for business management, as well. WeÃ¢â¬â¢ll look at a few of them here: multinational corporations, culture shock experienced by managers working abroad, fair trade issues, ethical issues faced by managersRead MoreInternal and External Paper1734 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesFactors External and Internal Factors Management is a universal concept because its principles and techniques are used all over the world, irrespective of their level of development. The basic objective of the management is the progress of people and not the direction of things. The conservative explanation of management is obtaining work done through its people, but the factual management refers to the development of people through work. The management should make the difficulties interestingRead MoreThe Influence of Organizational Culture on Organizational Functionality861 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesRizescu, M. (2011). Orgainzational Culture Influences on the Organizations Functionality. Revista Academie ForTelor Terestre. 1( 61): 75-82. Globalization has brought the world closer in communication, economics, politics, and especially business. The Internet and technological improvements have allowed instantaneous communication almost anywhere, and even poor women in India are using Smartphones to manage their banking portfolios. The idea of globalism continues to break down cultural barriersRead MoreInternal and External Factors Essay1027 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages14, 2014 Internal and External Factors There are four management functions that are typically found in most of the business environments around the world. The four functions of management are planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. These are most commonly used in high level management to organizational management too. There are five major factors that affect these and many other business functions which are globalization, technology, innovation, diversity, and ethics. If you were toRead MoreStudying Management : The Discovery Of Importance1690 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesStudying Management: The Discovery of Importance The topics discussed to date have centered around management in the workplace, including its importance and challenges. We will discuss the key points that captured our attention, including what management is, how it differs from leadership and issues that managers encounter in the ever-changing workforce. Management in the Business World In the business world, managers are dealing with changing work environments, a changing workforce, globalization, economicRead MoreThe Effects of Cultural Intelligence on Leadership Effectiveness in Multinational Organizations1354 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesA Study on Cultural intelligence and its effect on leadership effectiveness and behavior in multinational organizations in Asia Introduction The success of corporate sector is the critical element for the sustained growth and prosperous economy of any nation. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s tough competitive market environment, organizations strive to differentiate themselves from the rest by offering the most innovative product and services to the consumers. Organizations that offer solutions beyond the current needsRead MoreGlobalization Of Business : Globalization1486 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesGlobalization in Business: Globalization refers to the changes in the world where we are moving away from self-contained countries and toward a more integrated world. Globalization of business is the change in a business from a company associated with a single country to one that operates in multiple countries. Impact of Globalization: Market globalization is the decline in barriers to selling in countries other than the home country. This change will make it easier for your company to begin sellingRead MoreGlobalization Of Business : Globalization1486 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesGlobalization in Business: Globalization refers to the changes in the world where we are moving away from self-contained countries and toward a more integrated world. Globalization of business is the change in a business from a company associated with a single country to one that operates in multiple countries. Impact of Globalization: Market globalization is the decline in barriers to selling in countries other than the home country. This change will make it easier for your company to begin selling
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Should Britain continue to have a foreign policy with moral-ethical considerations?Karl Pitt 6 Jun 2018In order to answer the question, we need to first understand what is meant by moral-ethical. Ethics refers to rules provided by an external source e.g. human right or codes of conduct. Moral refers to an individuals own principles regarding right or wrong. This essay will demonstrate that Britain should continue to ensure they support other people with their democratic rights using principles for right and wrong when producing foreign policy. This will be done by providing the understanding of moral ethics, explaining where British ethical foreign policy derived from and give two British case studies, where ethical interventions were conducted without a UN Charter or the backing of the Security Council, explaining why one was seen as accepted and the other not.With an example from British history we can see where Britain has taken moral-ethical considerations prior to 1997 to avoid conflict as well as implementing western values. The conclusion will be to demonstrate in this essay that moral ethical considerations must be taken into account when producing foreign policy.Understanding Moral EthicsAll foreign policy has to have ethical considerations as we are ethically constrained in everything we do. This statement is also reiterated by Dan Bully in his book Intervention when he states that the subject of ethics is foreign policy: it examines how we ought to relate to otherness, and that if foreign policy is a practice of building otherness and relating to it, the question of foreign policy must be how we ought to do this: a question of ethics. Albeit not an obligation, It is generally understood that governments are required to make ethical considerations and take more of an open-minded view of their own values or ethics as well as others. Their foreign policy should look to protect human rights, encourage moral-ethical understanding and promote peace in the international community as Britain did in 2007 when Robin Cook stated, referring to human tragedy in foreign countries to which Britain are obliged to take moral responsibility for. Our foreign policy must have an ethical dimension and must support the demands of other peoples for the democratic rights on which we insist for ourselves, The biggest issue with ethical foreign policy is how far a state is willing to go to extend its moral duty. As the pathfinder to introducing moral-ethical considerations to foreign policy and considering the interventions in Kosovo (1999) and Iraq (2003), these two case studies, from Tony Blair and new labour, will explore how, despite both motives appearing to be the same for intervention, the contradictory nature of British decision making with regards to its foreign policies sees two different outcomes. While agreeing that t he government had moral ethical considerations in mind in both accounts not both were accepted as ethical interventions.BackgroundIn the late 1990s with a new labour government, Tony Blair and Robin cook felt that the human suffering and violation of human rights should be a British obligation to intervene and as such should be included in British foreign policy. In 1997 Robin Cook stated that British foreign policy with be a moral ethical policy. The following two years showed New Labour profiling its ethical stance on foreign policy and, receiving support both by the British public and international community. In 1999 they were able to execute their policy by intervening in Kosovo.Case Study 1 Kosovo 1999 Due to the ethnic cleansing and forced expulsion of Albanians from Serbia, Britain (Tony Blair) and America (Bill Clinton) convinced NATO to intervene, despite having no UN Charter or support from the Security Council. The reason was Ethical and the intervention was accepted from both the British people and the international community.The Serbian Albanians were in need of assistance and as Britains contribution was seen to be going far beyond protecting or advancing National Security, intervention due to moral-ethics was accepted and this was deemed a high point of the new labour foreign policy.Yet, for all that, Kosovo has been a success of liberal interventionism. Two things are clear. One is that it was absolutely right to stand up to the Serbian nationalism epitomised by Slobodan Milosevic. The most shameful policy of John Majors Government was its appeasement of aggression in the Balkans, standing aside from ethnic cleansing. The Kosovo war of 1999 finally put an end to all that. As a result, Milosevic fell and Serbia began the long journey to joining the international community .Case Study 2 Iraq 2003 In 2003, post 9/11, Britain (Tony Blair) and America (George Bush) decided to intervene in Iraq. It could be stated this was not originally an ethical intervention and was a matter of national security, however it was eventually deemed to be about the Iraqi people, how Britain and America were going to install democracy and implement the rule of Law.As per the previous case, there was no UN Charter or backing from the Security Council, however, despite intervening under ethical grounds it was not accepted by the British public or international community as an ethical intervention and has been deemed a low point in the new labour foreign policy.The view that the 2003 Ir aq War was a disaster has become a fixed point of agreement in public opinion. The decision of the United States, Great Britain and other Coalition forces to invade Iraq soured western reputations across the world, undermined confidence in the motives and accountability of governments and created a humanitarian crisis in Iraq. Each of the reasons proffered to support the case for going to war were flawed and have henceforth been demolished by the reality of the intervening wars. Analysis of Case StudyMy belief in why, despite the origins of intervention being the same, there was a conflict in opinion for both cases is because Britain misinterpreted the meaning of the term moral ethical when considering the intervention into Iraq.The original reason for the Iraq intervention were in response to Sadam Hussain refusing UN weapons inspectors to an open inspection in Iraq. It was deemed by Bush and Blair that Iraq had weapons of mass destruction and that as allies we should intervene under an interest of National Security.To justify the intervention ethical reason s were then declared however when addressing the moral ethical considerations these were determined by Blair and Bush. Did the Iraq people want Britain or America to intervene, was the country after democracy and did they require the rule of Law?If we were to now look at the definition of moral-ethical we might understand how Britain should have considered them for Iraq. Moral is defined as being a personal or individuals own principles regarding right/wrong and ethical is the standards distinguished by a community or social setting. In the Iraq intervention it was an Anglo-American ideal being imposed on the Iraqi people. Did they want assistance? Possibly, did they require a democracy or the rule of law? Again possibly however it was not the choice of Blair and Bush to possibly assume an intervention was needed. This is why Iraq was not supported by the British public and international community and not accepted as an ethical intervention.In Kosovo the moral-ethical considerations were aimed at the Albanians and the intervention stopped the mass slaughter and complete disregard of the ethnic Albanian human rights. It could be argued that it was still a Blair, Clinton decision with no consideration to the Albanians and that Kosovo being a European country, their moral-ethics are similar to the British making it default an excepted ethical inter vention due to commonality in countries.An Example in HistoryBritain could be seen to consider British values and standards when determining right from wrong. Is this correct and should Britain maintain its western ideals on non western countries? I think Britain has a history of failing to recognise cultural differences and what might be un-ethical in Britain and western society is deemed acceptable elsewhere. Britain has got the balance correct through history as well. A good example of this is India in the 19th century.After the British rule in India, Indian society underwent many changes. Previous practices such as child marriage and polygamy were common practice, women were classed as second class citizens and were disadvantaged through society. Education was for men and only a selected few of the upper class. These, according to the British were deemed against human values and the British went about changing the ethics of India. This in turn created a divide in the country with some of the population supporting the movement for change however others resisting. Britain at the time did declare it did not want to interfere too much in India as it did not want an uprising, this is despite pressure from a group of radicals in England who wanted India to have a humanistic ideology and become part of the modern world.The British government understood the cultural differences and resisted the pressure and despite talk of reform very few were taken however ownership from the movements who wanted change saw women being educated and the child age of marriage changing to 14 for girls and 18 for boys.This example is taken from one source and is a very optimistic view on the British occupation in India and is purely used for the purpose of this paper. In by no means does this paper suggest that the discontentment that resulted from British rule in India and the rise of the resistant movements, such as the Sanyasi, Faaki r, Wahabi and Santhal, which resulted didnt have consequences to the British.ConclusionIn all the cases and examples in this essay there have been moral-ethical considerations. Whether the moral-ethical considerations have been considered for the right group of people is debatable and whether Britains values and standards are the right ethics to impart on nations is also debatable. What is not debatable is the need for moral ethical consideration.To reemphasise Frost, we ethically constrained in everything we do, a state must take moral-ethical considerations into account when determining foreign policy just the nature of the terminology moral-ethical makes it morally ethical to consider it. The reason states get it wrong is when they are addressing whose morals and ethics should be considered.If the producers of the foreign policy always consider their own ethics and morals without understating cultural differences and beliefs then the policy and subsequent choices could go wrong resulting in Intervention without support and rejection as ethical. If the justification to intervene is ethical then a state must seek support by ensuring the considerations are balanced.Britain must continue to have a foreign policy that has moral and ethical considerations.
Saturday, April 11, 2020
Albrecht Durer Essay Artist and Humanist, Albrecht Durer is one of the most significant figures in the history f European art outside Italy during the Renaissance (Gowing 195).Portraying the questioning spirit of the Renaissance, Durers conviction that he must examine and explore his own situation through capturing the very essence of his role as artist and creator, is reflected in the Self-portrait in a Fur Collared Robe (Strieder 10). With the portrait, Durers highly self-conscious approach to his status as an artist coveys his exalted mission of art more clearly than in any other painting.He seems to be less concerned with himself as a person than with himself as an artist, and less with the artist than with the origin and exalted mission of art itself.(Strieder 13). In this self-portrait Durer portrays himself in the guise of the Savior.Durers natural resemblance to Christ has been reverently amplified (Hutchinson 67).His bearded face is grave, and fringed by lustrous shoulder-lenth hair painted in a dark, Christ-like brown (Russell 89.Scholars have called attention to the fact that, the portrait was intended to portray Durer as the thinking artist through emphasis on the enlarged eyes and the right hand.Dueres use of the full-face view and almost hypnotic gaze emphasizes his belief that the sense of sight is the most noble of the five senses.He wrote in the Introduction to his Painters Manual, For the noblest of mans senses is sight Therefore a thing seen is more believable and long-lasting to us than something we hear (Hutchison 68). The position of the right hand held in front of his chest is almost as if in blessing (89 Russell).Joachim Camerarius, a professor who published a Latin translation of two of Durers books, wrote of Durers intelligent head, his flashing eyes, his nobly formed nose, his broad chest, and then noted: But his fingers- you would vow you had never seen anything more elegant (Rus
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
Treatment of women by Shakespeare and Sophocles Othello, The moor of Venice was a play written by William Shakespeare and has contributed to his reputation as a great poet. Oedipus, was a play written by Sophocles and has secured great audience. There is similarity in both plays on how women are treated in the society. The essay will focus in outlining the different treatments accorded to the women as outlined by Shakespeare and Sophocles.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Treatment of women by Shakespeare and Sophocles specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In both plays women are highly controlled by men in the society. Women are not accorded the right of making their own decisions. In Othello, Roderigo beliefs that he should be the one to marry Desdemona no matter what happens. Roderigo and Lago accuse Othello falsely and tell Brabanzio that he has stolen his daughter, Desdemona using witchcraft. Ã¢â¬ËTransported, with no worse nor better guard, but with a knave of c ommon hire, a gondolier, Shakespeare 7.Ã¢â¬â¢ Further, Brabanzio attempts to control his daughterÃ¢â¬â¢s life by accusing Othello to the senate. Consequently, Desdemona confesses that since she is married to Othello, she is submissive to him. Ã¢â¬ËSo much I challenge that I may profess Due to the Moor my lord, Shakespeare 11.Ã¢â¬â¢ Lago controls Desdemona successfully and implicates her as having an affair with Cassio. Lago controls Emilia and lures her to commit crime. Emilia is submissive and obeys her husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s order of stealing DesdemonaÃ¢â¬â¢s handkerchief. Further, Lago attempts to silence Emilia in the end of the play after she realizes what he has done. In Oedipus, Creon kidnaps Antigone and Ismene since he is unsuccessful in abducting Oedipus. The kidnap shows how easily women are controlled by men. Further, Creon refuses to listen to explanation given by Antigone after she buries his brother. Ã¢â¬ËNo womanÃ¢â¬â¢s going to govern me no, no- not while IÃ ¢â¬â¢m still alive, Sophocles 4Ã¢â¬â¢ Women are accused falsely and tortured in both plays. In Othello, Lago accuses Desdemona of having an affair with Cassio. Ã¢â¬ËO, beware, my lord, of jealousy, Shakespeare 23.Ã¢â¬â¢ Further, Othello accuses Desdemona of being a prostitute. Othello kills Desdemona because he thinks that she is unfaithful. Lago kills Emilia because she tells the truth and attempts to escape. In Oedipus, Creon sentence Antigone and Ismene to death simply because they have given their brother a proper burial. Despite the fact that he forgives Ismene, he orders that Antigone should be buried alive.Advertising Looking for essay on comparative literature? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Creon attempts to kill Antigone when Haemon fails to support his judgment. Ã¢â¬ËNo, not when I see you making a mistake and being unjust, Sophocles 7Ã¢â¬â¢ After the advice given by the blind prophet, Creon i s reluctant to free Antigone. Antigone hangs herself because she is imprisoned and maltreated by Creon. In both plays the views of women are disregard. In Othello, the views of Desdemona being in love with Othello are only taken seriously after the judgment is given by the senate. Ã¢â¬ËAdieu, brave Moor, use Desdemona well, Shakespeare 18.Ã¢â¬â¢ Othello disregards the views given by Desdemona on reinstating Cassio to his position. As a matter of fact, he interprets the views presented by Desdemona as being due to an affair with Cassio. Othello disregards the explanation that Desdemona has in regard to the accusation of being unfaithful and kills her. Ã¢â¬ËShes, like a liar, gone to burning hell, Shakespeare 28.Ã¢â¬â¢ After Othello killed Desdemona, he believed more in Lago who was lying than Emilia who was telling the truth. In Oedipus, Creon disregards the explanation given by Antigone after she buries her brother. Ã¢â¬ËTell me with no lengthy speech, Sophocles 6.Ã¢â¬â¢ The body of AntigoneÃ¢â¬â¢s brother is exhumed which shows that her actions were disregarded by Creon. Oedipus fails to yield to AntigoneÃ¢â¬â¢s plea of accepting his brotherÃ¢â¬â¢s request. Oedipus refuses to be comforted by Jocasta which can be interpreted as disregard. Ã¢â¬ËListen to me I beg you, do not do this thing, Sophocles 18.Ã¢â¬â¢ Eurydice curses her husband and kills herself for the disaster that his pride has brought to the land. Eurydice had always warned Creon about his stubbornness and pride but he never yielded. Tragedy Theme of tragedy is well featured in both plays. Oedipus starts with a flashback of tragedy. Polynices and Eteocles are children of Oedipus who fight and end up killing each other. Creon orders that PolynicesÃ¢â¬â¢s body should not be buried. Antigone buries the body secretly and is sentenced to death along with her sister Ismene. Afterwards Creon orders for release of Ismene but Antigone is to be buried alive in a tomb. The blind prophe t however warns Creon against this act as it will bring calamity to the land. Ã¢â¬ËHow good advice is valuable- worth more than all possessions, Sophocles 9.Ã¢â¬â¢ Haemon is the first person who arrives at the tomb where Antigone is imprisoned. He finds out that Antigone has committed suicide and is devastated. Upon arrival of his father Creon, Haemon throws a sword but misses him. Haemon kills himself after he fails to kill his father. After Eurydice learns that his son is dead she is devastated and stabs herself as well. Creon is not able to withstand the many tragedies and begs for his own death. Ã¢â¬ËI donÃ¢â¬â¢t know where to look or find support, Sophocles 11.Ã¢â¬â¢Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Treatment of women by Shakespeare and Sophocles specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The plague in the land is associated with murder of king Laius that took place long time ago. The remedy of the plague is bas ed on expulsion of the murderer of King Laius from the land. His murderer happens to be his own son King Oedipus who was raised in Corinth. His mother had sent a shepherd to kill him when he was a baby because it had been prophesied that the baby would kill his father and sleep with his mother. The shepherd opted to take the baby far away from Thebes but what had been prophesied was fulfilled since Oedipus killed his father and slept with his own mother. When Jocasta realizes that Oedipus was his son whom he has lived with as her husband she kills herself. Oedipus stabs out his eyes and orders Creon to take care of his daughters since he should be sent to exile. Ã¢â¬ËTake care of them, Creon; do this for me, Sophocles 19.Ã¢â¬â¢ Oedipus dies in Athens and the city in which he is buried is safe from calamities. Creon is the main antagonist in the play as he betrays King Oedipus. His betrayal leads to many tragic events including death of his entire family. Ã¢â¬ËCruel mistakes th at bring on death, Sophocles 10.Ã¢â¬â¢ The calamity in the land is associated with tragic murder of King Laius. Both plays have featured the theme of Tragedy as evidenced by the death of main protagonists in both plays. In Othello, Desdemona is killed by her husband Othello because Lago makes him think that she is cheating on him. Ã¢â¬ËO, falsely, falsely murdered! Shakespeare 30Ã¢â¬â¢ Roderigo plans to kill Cassio so as to prevent Othello from leaving with Desdemona since she loves her. Lago orders Roderigo to ambush and kill Cassio but instead Roderigo is wounded. Ã¢â¬ËHere, at thy hand: be bold, and take thy stand, Shakespeare 32.Ã¢â¬â¢ Lago attempts to kill Cassio but only succeeds in wounding him. Lago pretends and accuses Roderigo of the attempted murder on Cassio and kills him. Ã¢â¬ËO murderous slave! O villain! Shakespeare 33Ã¢â¬â¢ Lago kills Emilia after she told the truth and attempts to run away. Lago is seized by Lodovico and Graziano. Othello wounds Lago b ecause of his betrayal. Othello talks of how he would like to be remembered and kills himself. Lodovico gives OthelloÃ¢â¬â¢s property to Graziano and orders for execution of Lago. Ã¢â¬ËGraziano, keep the house, and seize upon the fortunes of the Moor, Shakespeare 36.Ã¢â¬â¢ Lago is the main antagonist who is the cause of tragedy.Advertising Looking for essay on comparative literature? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More He designs a plot to separate Desdemona and Othello which succeeds. However, the separation of Othello and Desdemona is associated with so many tragic events. Fairness and justice The theme of fairness is well featured by Shakespeare and Sophocles in their works. In Othello, Roderigo and Lago feign to search for justice by telling Brabanzio that Othello has stolen Desdemona using witchcraft. Brabanzio and Roderigo accuse Othello to the senate demanding him to release Desdemona. The senate rules fairly that Desdemona should be allowed to stay with Othello since she loves him. Cassio persuades Desdemona to plead with his husband on his behalf for him to be reinstated in his position. Ã¢â¬ËMadam, my former suit: I do beseech you, Shakespeare 23Ã¢â¬â¢ The ill plot by Roderigo of separating Desdemona and Othello is accorded justice by the rule made by the senate. RoderigoÃ¢â¬â¢s attempt to kill Cassio is fruitless and is avenged by his death. When Cassio wounds Roderigo Lago interv enes and wounds him as well. Emilia pays for her mistakes of stealing DesdemonaÃ¢â¬â¢s handkerchief with her life. Cassio is demoted for engaging in a fight and killing Brabanzio when he was drunk. Desdemona tries to plead with Othello to reinstate Cassio to his position to ensure justice and fairness. Ã¢â¬ËPray you, let Cassio be received again, Shakespeare 25.Ã¢â¬â¢ Further, Desdemona tries to explain to Othello that she is not involved in an affair with Cassio so that he could treat her fairly by not killing her. Othello kills Desdemona and tells Emilia that she has paid for being unfaithful to him with her life. Emilia tells the truth as a way of ensuring fairness. Lodovico and Graziano attempt to take Othello for trial because of killing Desdemona to ensure justice. Ã¢â¬ËTo the Venetian state, come, bring him away, Shakespeare 37.Ã¢â¬â¢ Othello pays for killing Desdemona with his life. Ã¢â¬ËKilling myself, to die upon a kiss, Shakespeare 39.Ã¢â¬â¢ Lago is sentence d to death for his crimes and all the tragedy he has caused. Cassio was appointed to replace Othello as a way of justice since he had lost his position unfairly. In Oedipus, Antigone buries her brother as an act of being fair and respectful to him. Haemon refuses to side with injustice of his father by saying that Antigone should not be killed. Ã¢â¬ËYouÃ¢â¬â¢ll not catch me giving way to some disgrace, Sophocles 7.Ã¢â¬â¢ The blind prophet warns Creon of the impending disaster if Antigone is not freed from the tomb. Creon pays for all his crimes and unfairness by losing his entire family. The parents of Oedipus opted to kill their baby so as to prevent the injustice that had been prophesied concerning him. The shepherd who was told to kill baby Oedipus preferred taking him to another place rather than killing him. Ã¢â¬ËI was told to get rid of it, Sophocles 18.Ã¢â¬â¢ The shepherd thought that his actions could be the only way to be fair to Oedipus and his parents. The blind prophet says that the murderer of King Laius is supposed to be expelled from the land as a remedy for the calamity that has stricken the land. When Oedipus learnt that he was the killer of his father he told Creon to send him to exile so as to pay for his sins. Ã¢â¬ËSend me away from Thebes, Sophocles 19.Ã¢â¬â¢ Jocasta pays for the attempt to kill her baby with her life. Oedipus failed to support either of his sons because they did not support him when he was sent to exile. Ã¢â¬ËEach of you suffers himself alone, Sophocles 16.Ã¢â¬â¢ Antigone tries to persuade his father to be lenient and fair with his sons. Athens is accorded the privilege of safety because the president helps Oedipus when he is in exile. Creon attempts to abduct Oedipus because he believes that he should be buried in Thebes for them to enjoy benefits of safety from calamities.
Sunday, February 23, 2020
Summary the aticle - Essay Example Jean Gregoine disagreed with this view. He believed that the technique on which the utilization of material depends should be progressive and hence beauty would change too. Aesthetic qualities are expendable and liable to wastage of effect. For instance, the part to be repaired in Bugatti is hidden for the sake of beauty, which makes repairs difficult to be conducted in contrast to Buick where the stress is not on the beauty but practical performance and repairs. In Buick the technical and aesthetic qualities have been given equal importance whereas Bugatti is a monument of abstract art. The criticism of popular art depends upon the analysis of content which lends appreciation to superficial qualities. The industrial designer should have the ability to design a product that is good, desirable, and exciting. This trend becomes more pronounced as culture becomes mechanized when the middle-class people become educated. The designer has to be in touch with the masses and determine to what extent fine arts can be integrated with popular art and what will sell. This alone can bring out innovative, aesthetically appealing, and functionally good product. During the Second Industrial Age there was a connection between design practice and the theoretical self-awareness. With the development of design management, changes took place in the management of machinery design. Brown & Sharpe Manufacturing Company, brought about innovation in design management. They were market leaders in machine tool manufacturing in 1900. They brought changes with non-mechanical decoration in 1911. All designs had to conform to a style manual issued by the Chief Draughtsman and the purpose was to create artistic machines with analytical engineering. This means the process by which the machines were designed and manufactured were transformed. This involved book learning and shop